Namaste! It´s another New Year. So far, in 2016, we´ve celebrated
the Western one, of course, several TIbetan Lhosars, and now comes
the 'official' Hindu one - Vikram Samvat (Bikram Sambat)
Nepal has used several calendars
over the centuries, like Nepal Sambat, which is observed by
the Newar civilization of Kathmandu Valley. That one
comes in November. It is now 1136 Nepal Sambat.
The Vikram Samvat calendar was
made the official calendar in 1902 by the Rana regime.
The Vikram Samvat is said to have
been founded by the emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain following his
victory over the Sakas in 56 BC, although
it is popularly is associated with the subsequent king Chandragupta
Vikramaditya. It is a lunar calendar based on ancient
Hindu tradition. The Vikram Samvat calendar is 56.7
years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian
calendar. In Nepal, it begins in mid-April and
marks the start of the solar new year.
This calendar derives its name
from king Vikramaditya of Ujjain of Paramara dynasty.
After the rise of the Rana oligarchs in Nepal, Vikram Sambat
came into unofficial use along with the official Shaka
Sambat for quite some time. They discontinued Shaka
Sambat in its 1823rd year, and replaced it with Vikram Samwat
for official use since then to date. Vikram Sambat came into
official use in Nepal in1902 AD. The calendar is widely in use
in western India, where it is known as the Vikram Samvat.
traditional New Year of Bikram Sambat is one of
the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family
gatherings, the exchange of good wishes, and participation in
rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year. It occurs in
mid-April each year, and coincides with the traditional new year
in Assam, Bengal, Burma, Cambodia, Kerala, Kashmir, Manipur,
Orissa, Punjab, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu and Thailand.
Chandragupta Vikramaditya silver coin
Love and pranams,